Signs and tests:
Tests that may be performed include:
- Chest x-ray
- Sputum cytology test to look for cancer cells
- Blood work
- CT scan of the chest
- MRI of the chest
- Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
To confirm lung cancer, the health care provider needs to remove a piece of tissue from your lungs for examination under a microscope. This is called a biopsy.
Most lung cancers require a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.
Chemotherapy uses medicines to destroy cancer cells. You may receive it by mouth or through your veins.
Radiation therapy uses high-dose X-rays to destroy cancer cells. It also can shrink swollen lymph nodes. Radiation can be internal or external. In addition, our doctors offer innovative treatments developed through their research, such as endobronchial brachytherapy, which is a form of internal radiation treatment.
Surgery to remove all or part of a lung involves making a cut on one side of your chest (thorax) during a procedure called a thoracotomy. Surgery that uses this approach avoids areas in the chest that contain the heart and the spinal cord.
Sometimes people with lung cancer take part in clinical trials. Clinical trials are research projects to test medicines and treatments
Calling your health care provider:
Call your health care provider if you develop symptoms of lung cancer (particularly if you smoke).
If you smoke, quit. It is never too late to stop smoking. Your risk of lung cancer drops dramatically the first year after you quit. You should also avoid breathing in the smoke from other people's cigarettes, cigars, or pipes.